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Do you know how textile fabrics are classified?

December 01,2023

The classification of textile fabrics refers to the categorization of textiles based on factors such as raw materials, processing methods, and fabric properties. By classifying fabrics, we can better understand the characteristics and uses of each type of fabric, thus meeting different needs and application scenarios. This article will provide a detailed introduction to the main classifications of textile fabrics.


I. Based on raw materials

Cotton fabrics: Cotton fiber is one of the most common raw materials, with the characteristics of softness, breathability, and good moisture absorption. Cotton fabrics are commonly used to make comfortable shirts, T-shirts and other clothing, especially suitable for summer wear.

Linen fabrics: Flax fiber is the main raw material of linen fabrics, with good breathability and moisture absorption. Linen fabrics are commonly used to make summer clothing, light and cool, suitable for wearing in hot weather.

Wool fabrics: Wool fabrics use animal hair as raw materials, such as sheep wool and cashmere. Wool fabrics have good warmth retention and are commonly used to make winter coats, scarves, etc., effectively resisting cold weather.

Silk fabrics: Silk is the main raw material of silk fabrics, with the characteristics of luster and softness. Silk fabrics are commonly used to make high-end clothing, giving people a gorgeous and elegant feeling.

II. Based on processing methods

Woven fabrics: Woven fabrics are one of the most common fabric types, made up of vertically and horizontally intersecting yarns. Woven fabrics include different weaving methods such as plain, twill, and jacquard, and are commonly used in the production of various clothing and home textiles.

Knitted fabrics: Knitted fabrics are made using knitting machines, with good elasticity and resilience. Knitted fabrics are commonly used to make T-shirts, knitwear, and other clothing, comfortable and close-fitting, suitable for sports and leisure occasions.

Nonwoven fabrics: Nonwoven fabrics are made by blending, melting, or bonding fibers together, without traditional weaving methods. Nonwoven fabrics are commonly used in the production of medical supplies, filtering materials, etc., with good breathability and filtration performance.

III. Based on fabric characteristics

Functional fabrics: Functional fabrics have special functions, such as waterproofing, odor resistance, and UV resistance. These fabrics are commonly used in outdoor clothing, sports equipment, etc., providing additional protection and comfort.

Stretch fabrics: Stretch fabrics have good elasticity, can stretch and recover their original shape. Stretch fabrics are commonly used to make tight-fitting clothing, sports apparel, etc., providing comfort and fit.

Sheer fabrics: Sheer fabrics are very lightweight, usually transparent or semi-transparent. Sheer fabrics are commonly used in the production of dresses, wedding dresses, and other high-end clothing, creating a light and elegant effect.


IV. Other classifications

Yarn-dyed fabrics: Yarn-dyed fabrics refer to fabrics with patterns or color changes woven from different colored yarns. Yarn-dyed fabrics are commonly used to make specialty clothing and home textiles, increasing visual effects and artistic sense.

Printed fabrics: Printed fabrics are fabrics on which patterns or designs are added by printing technology. Printed fabrics can achieve various design effects and are commonly used in the production of fashionable and personalized clothing.

Blended fabrics: Blended fabrics are made by blending fibers of different compositions in certain proportions. Blended fabrics often have the characteristics of multiple fibers, comprehensively integrating various performance factors to provide a better user experience.

In addition to the above-mentioned classification methods, textile fabrics can also be classified based on antibacterial properties, moisture-wicking properties, UV resistance, flame retardancy, suede-like appearance, and other special functions. These fabrics can provide additional functions and performance according to specific needs, meeting different user requirements.

In conclusion, the classification of textile fabrics can be approached from multiple perspectives, such as raw materials, processing methods, fabric characteristics, and functional features. By understanding the characteristics of different fabrics, we can better select suitable fabrics to meet the usage requirements of different occasions and needs.

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